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Chemical and biochemical characterisation of biomass flows

How can the quality of biomass flows be determined in the laboratory with a view to use as a soil improver or as a raw material for further processing?

LABORATORY ANALYSES AND TECHNIQUES

Screening of crops, crop residues, starting materials and compost.

Chemical analyses

  • pH and EC
  • Available plant elements N, P, K
  • Heavy metal Cu, Cr, Cd, Pb, Ni

Biochemical characterisation

  • C/N as an indicator for decomposition of organic matter
  • OUR (oxygen uptake rate) for compost stability
  • Biodegradability on the basis of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin

Near Infrared Reflection Spectroscopy (NIRS)

NIRS ALLOWS QUICK SCREENING!

ILVO has a dataset with the biochemical characteristics of a wide range of raw materials, composts and pits based on vegetable residues. ILVO uses Near Infrared Spectroscopy for rapid screening. The available calibration lines for various components are shown in the table. A high R2 and SD/SECV ratio means a good NIRS calibration and can therefore be used for rapid screening of biological flows.

More information: chris.vanwaes@ilvo.vlaanderen.be, bart.vandecasteele@ilvo.vlaanderen.be

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